Public Statement: Scholars Warn of Potential Genocide in Gaza

On 15 October 2023, over 800 scholars and practitioners of international law, conflict studies and genocide studies signed a public statement warning of the possibility of genocide being perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. Signatories include prominent Holocaust and genocide studies scholars, as well as many international law and TWAIL scholars. The text of the statement and list of signatures is below, and a pdf version can be accessed here.

Public Statement: Scholars Warn of Potential Genocide in Gaza

15 October 2023

As scholars and practitioners of international law, conflict studies and genocide studies, we are compelled to sound the alarm about the possibility of the crime of genocide being perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. We do not do so lightly, recognising the weight of this crime, but the gravity of the current situation demands it. 

The pre-existing conditions in the Gaza Strip had already prompted discussions of genocide prior to the current escalation – such as by the National Lawyers Guild in 2014, the Russell Tribunal on Palestine in 2014, and the Center for Constitutional Rights in 2016. Scholars have warned over the years that the siege of Gaza may amount to a “prelude to genocide” or a “slow-motion genocide”. The prevalence of racist and dehumanising language and hate speech in social media was also noted in a warning issued in July 2014 by the UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, in response to Israel’s conduct against the protected Palestinian population. The Special Advisers noted that individual Israelis had disseminated messages that could be dehumanising to the Palestinians and that had called for the killing of members of this group, and reiterated that incitement to commit atrocity crimes is prohibited under international law. 

Israel’s current military offensive on the Gaza Strip since 7 October 2023, however, is unprecedented in scale and severity, and consequently in its ramifications for the population of Gaza. Following the incursion by Palestinian armed groups on 7 October 2023, including criminal attacks against Israeli civilians, the Gaza Strip has been subjected to incessant and indiscriminate bombardment by Israeli forces. Between 7 October and 9:00 a.m. on 15 October, there have been 2,329 Palestinians killed and 9,042 Palestinians injured in Israeli attacks on Gaza, including over 724 children, huge swathes of neighbourhoods and entire families across Gaza have been obliterated. Israel’s Defence Minister ordered a “complete siege” of the Gaza Strip prohibiting the supply of fuel, electricity, water and other essential necessities. This terminology itself indicates an intensification of an already illegal, potentially genocidal siege to an outright destructive assault. 

Late on 12 October, the Israeli authorities issued an order for more than 1.1million Palestinians in Gaza City and the northern Gaza Strip to leave their homes and flee to the south of Gaza within 24 hours, knowing that this would be practically impossible for many. Palestinians who did start to evacuate south reported that civilians and ambulances were targeted and hit by Israeli airstrikes on the designated “safe route”, killing at least 70 Palestinians who were fleeing to seek refuge. The ICRC stated that “the evacuation orders, coupled with the complete siege” are incompatible with international humanitarian law. Almost half a million Palestinians have already been displaced, and Israeli forces have bombed the only possible exit route that Israel does not control, the Rafah crossing to Egypt multiple times. The World Health Organisation published a warning that “[f]orcing more than 2000 patients to relocate to southern Gaza, where health facilities are already running at maximum capacity and unable to absorb a dramatic rise in the number patients, could be tantamount to a death sentence”.

There has also been an escalation of violence, arrests, expulsions, and destruction of whole Palestinian communities in the occupied West Bank and Jerusalem. Since 7 October, Israeli settlers, with the backing of the army and police, have attacked and shot Palestinian civilians at point blank range (as documented in the villages of a-Tuwani and Qusra), have invaded their homes and assaulted residents. A number of Palestinian communities have already been forced to abandon their homes, after which settlers arrived and destroyed their property. Between 7 – 15 October, Al-Haq documented the killing by Israeli military and settlers of 55 Palestinians in the West Bank, and more the injury of 1,200 Palestinians there.

Statements of Israeli officials since 7 October 2023 suggest that beyond the killings and restriction of basic conditions for life perpetrated against Palestinians in Gaza, there are also indications that the ongoing and imminent Israeli attacks on the Gaza Strip are being conducted with potentially genocidal intent. Language used by Israeli political and military figures appears to reproduce rhetoric and tropes associated with genocide and incitement to genocide. Dehumanising descriptions of Palestinians have been prevalent. Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant declared on 9 October that “we are fighting human animals and we act accordingly”. He subsequently announced that Israel was moving to “a full-scale response” and that he had “removed every restriction” on Israeli forces, as well as stating: “Gaza won’t return to what it was before. We will eliminate everything.” On 10 October, the head of the Israeli army’s Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), Maj. Gen. Ghassan Alian, addressed a message directly to Gaza residents: “Human animals must be treated as such. There will be no electricity and no water, there will only be destruction. You wanted hell, you will get hell”. The same day, Israeli army spokesperson Daniel Hagari acknowledged the wanton and intentionally destructive nature of Israel’s bombing campaign in Gaza: “The emphasis is on damage and not on accuracy.” 

Since 2007, Israel has defined the Gaza Strip as a whole as an “enemy entity”. On 7 October, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Gazans would pay an “immense price” for the actions of Hamas fighters. He asserted that Israel will wage a prolonged offensive and will turn parts of Gaza’s densely populated urban centres “into rubble”. Israel’s President emphasised that the Israeli authorities view the entire Palestinian population of Gaza as responsible for the actions of militant groups, and subject accordingly to collective punishment and unrestricted use of force: “It is an entire nation out there that is responsible. It is not true this rhetoric about civilians not being aware, not involved. It’s absolutely not true”. Israeli Minister of Energy and Infrastructure Israel Katz added: “All the civilian population in Gaza is ordered to leave immediately. We will win. They will not receive a drop of water or a single battery until they leave the world.”

Evidence of incitement to genocide has also been present in Israeli public discourse. This ranges from statements by elected officials – such as Knesset member Ariel Kallner’s call on 7 October for “one goal: Nakba! [catastrophe for Palestinians] A Nakba that will overshadow the Nakba of 1948” – to public banners displayed in Israeli cities calling for a “victory” signified by “zero population in Gaza” and the “annihilation of Gaza”. On national television, security correspondent Alon Ben David relayed the Israeli military’s plan to destroy Gaza City, Jabaliyya, Beit Lahiya, and Beit Hanun. Such statements are not new and resonate with a wider Israeli discourse showcasing the intent for elimination and genocide against the Palestinian people. Earlier in the year, for example, Israeli Minister of Finance Bezalel Smotrich called Palestinians “repugnant”, “disgusting” and called for “wiping out” the entire Palestinian village of Huwwara in the West Bank. 

On 12 October 2023, a group of UN Special Rapporteurs’ condemned “Israel’s indiscriminate military attacks against the already exhausted Palestinian people of Gaza, comprising over 2.3 million people, nearly half of whom are children. They have lived under unlawful blockade for 16 years, and already gone through five major brutal wars, which remain unaccounted for”. The UN experts warned against “the withholding of essential supplies such as food, water, electricity and medicines. Such actions will precipitate a severe humanitarian crisis in Gaza, where its population is now at inescapable risk of starvation. Intentional starvation is a crime against humanity”. On 14 October 2023, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory warnedagainst “a repeat of the 1948 Nakba, and the 1967 Naksa, yet on a larger scale” as Israel carries out “mass ethnic cleansing of Palestinians under the fog of war”. 

The Palestinian people constitute a national group for the purposes of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Palestinians of the Gaza Strip constitute a substantial proportion of the Palestinian nation, and are being targeted by Israel because they are Palestinian. The Palestinian population of Gaza appears to be presently subjected by the Israeli forces and authorities to widespread killing, bodily and mental harm, and unviable conditions of life – against a backdrop of Israeli statements which evidence signs of intent to physically destroy the population. 

Article II of the Genocide Convention provides that “genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

  • (a) Killing members of the group;
  • (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
  • (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
  • (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
  • (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”

All states are bound as a matter of law by the principle that genocide is a crime prohibited under international law. The International Court of Justice has affirmed that the prohibition of genocide is a peremptory norm of international law from which no derogation is allowed. The Convention provides that individuals who attempt genocide or who incite to genocide “shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals”.

Article I of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide provides that: “The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish”. The International Court of Justice has clarified that “a State’s obligation to prevent, and the corresponding duty to act, arise at the instant that the State learns of, or should normally have learned of, the existence of a serious risk that genocide will be committed. From that moment onwards, if the State has available to it means likely to have a deterrent effect on those suspected of preparing genocide, or reasonably suspected of harbouring specific intent (dolus specialis), it is under a duty to make such use of these means as the circumstances permit”.

Palestinian human rights organisationsJewish civil society groupsHolocaust and genocide studies scholars and others have by now warned of an imminent genocide against the Palestinian population in Gaza. We emphasise the existence of a serious risk of genocide being committed in the Gaza Strip. 

The undersigned urgently appeal to states to take concrete and meaningful steps to individually and collectively prevent genocidal acts, in line with their legal duty to prevent the crime of genocide. They must protect the Palestinian population, and ensure that Israel refrains from any further incitement to genocide and from the perpetration of conduct prohibited by Article II of the Genocide Convention.

All states should immediately act under Article VIII, and should call upon the competent organs of the United Nations, particularly the UN General Assembly, to take urgent action under the Charter of the United Nations appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide. We note specifically the role of the General Assembly here, given that the Security Council is compromised by the United States and the United Kingdom (both permanent veto-holding members) sending military forces to the eastern Mediterranean in support of Israel. 

We recall that in 1982, the General Assembly condemned the massacre of Palestinian civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps as “an act of genocide”. We note also that the state of Palestine is entitled to initiate, in accordance with Article IX of the Genocide Convention, proceedings before the International Court of Justice in order to prevent the perpetration of genocidal acts.

Finally, we call on all relevant UN bodies, including the Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, as well as the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to immediately intervene, to carry out the necessary investigations and invoke the necessary warning procedures to protect the Palestinian population from genocide.


  1. Aanchal Saraf, Dartmouth College
  2. Aannd Vaidya, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Reed College
  3. Aaron Seymour, Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
  4. Aasiya Lodhi, Senior Lecturer, University of Westminster.
  5. Abdelghany Sayed, Assistant Lecturer, PhD Candidate, Kent Law School. 
  6. Abdullah Omran, PhD student, Indiana University 
  7. Abigail Balbale, New York University
  8. Adalmir Marquetti, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
  9. Adam Elliott-Cooper, Lecturer, School of Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London
  10. Andrea Gadberry, Associate Professor, NYU
  11. Adrian Carrillo Gomez, PhD student, Deusto University.
  12. Afshin Matin-Asgari, Professor of Middle East history, California State University, Los Angeles 
  13. Ahmad Al-Dissi, Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  14. Ahmad Fouad, Lecturer of Law, the British University in Egypt
  15. Ahmad Khaled, PhD, Assistant Professor of Public Law, Birzeit University.
  16. Ahmad Mustafa, Ph.D. student at the University of Kansas 
  17. Ahmed Abofoul, International Lawyer, Legal Researcher and Advocacy Officer at Al-Haq Organisation
  18. Ahmed Selim, PhD Student, University of Chicago
  19. Ahmet Ferhat Baran, PhD Student, University of Aberdeen. 
  20. Ajantha Subramanian, Professor, City University of New York. 
  21. Alba Valenciano-Mañé, post-doctoral researcher, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid
  22. Albert Caramés, Adjunct Professor, Blanquerna – Ramon Llull University
  23. Alessandra Mezzadri SOAS Reader in Global Development and Political Economy 
  24. Alessandro Donadio Miebach, Adjunct Professor, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. 
  25. Alexander D. Barder, Professor of International Relations, Florida International University 
  26. Alexandre Abreu, Assistant Professor, ISEG-Lisbon School of Economics and Management. 
  27. Alfredo Alietti, Professor, University of Ferrara Italy
  28. Ali Cebeci, PhD, Georgetown University 
  29. Ali Raza, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
  30. Alice Panepinto, Reader, School of Law, Queen’s University Belfast
  31. Alicia Campos Serrano, Profesora Titular, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  32. Alison Phipps, UNESCO, Chair University of Glasgow 
  33. Alma Khasawnih, The College of New Jersey
  34. Alyosxa Tudor, Reader in Gender Studies, SOAS University of London.
  35. Alyssa Kristeller, Graduate Student Georgetown University. 
  36. Aman, Associate Professor of Legal Practice, Jindal Global University 
  37. Amber De Clerck, PhD Student & Teaching Assistant, Ghent University, Belgium
  38. Amber Lakhani, PhD Candidate & GTA, SOAS University of London. 
  39. Amira Abdelhamid, Lecturer in International Relations, University of Portsmouth 
  40. Amy Strecker, Associate Professor of Law, University College Dublin
  41. Anamika Misra, Associate Lecturer, University of Bristol. 
  42. Anand Sheombar, researcher & lecturer, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, NL.
  43. Ananya Chakravarti, Associate Professor of History, Georgetown University
  44. Anas Karzai, Laurentian University, Canada 
  45. Andrea Cornwall, Professor of Global Development and Anthropology, King’s College London.
  46. Andrea Maria Pelliconi, Teaching Associate, University of Nottingham
  47. Andrea Mura, Senior Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London
  48. Andrea Teti, Associate Professor of Political Science, Univeristy of Salerno, Italy
  49. Andrew Bush, Assistant Professor, Bard College
  50. Angana Chatterji, University of California, Berkeley. 
  51. Angela Daly, Professor of Law & Technology, University of Dundee. 
  52. Angela Smith, Sessional Academic, University of New South Wales
  53. Angela Zito, Anthropology/Religious Studies, NYU
  54. Anita H. Fábos, Professor, International Development, Community & Environment Department, Clark University 
  55. Anita Rupprecht, University of Brighton
  56. Anjali Arondekar, Professor, Feminist Studies, UCSC
  57. Anna Bigelow, Stanford University. 
  58. Anna Ferguson, Georgetown University 
  59. Anna Rosellini, University of Bologna
  60. Anna-Claire Steffen, PhD Candidate, UMass Amherst
  61. Annaclaudia Martini, Assistant Professor at University of Bologna, Italy
  62. Annapurna Menon, Teaching Associate, University of Sheffield 
  63. Anne Berg, Assistant Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania.
  64. Anne Hunnell Chen, Assistant Professor of Art History and visual culture, Bard College 
  65. Anne Norton, Professor, University of Pennsylvania
  66. Anneke Newman, Senior Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Ghent
  67. Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi, Barnard College, Columbia University
  68. Anthony Alessandrini, Professor, City University of New York
  69. Anthony Gorman, Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh. 
  70. Anton Shammas, Prof. Emeritus of Middle East Literatures, University of Michigan
  71. Antonio Scialà, Università Roma Tre, Italy
  72. Antonio Y. Vazquez-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Rutgers University-Newark. 
  73. Arathi Sriprakash, University of Oxford 
  74. Arun Kundnani, independent scholar and writer
  75. Arzu Somalı, PhD student, University of Istanbul. 
  76. Aseil Abu-Baker, Legal Consultant. 
  77. Ashok Kumar, Senior Lecturer of Political Economy, Birkbeck University. 
  78. Aslı Bâli, Professor of Law, Yale University
  79. Astrid Mrkich, refugee lawyer, Toronto, Canada
  80. Ata Hindi, Birzeit University. 
  81. Atiya Habeeb Kidwai, retired Professor, Jawharlal Nehru University, India
  82. Avital Ronell, University Professor of the Humanities, NYU
  83. Ayça Çubukçu, Associate Professor in Human Rights, LSE
  84. Ayesha Khalid Chaudhry, Doctoral candidate at Deakin University Australia
  85. Ayesha Umaña Dajud, JSD student, Cornell University
  86. Ayushman Bhagat, Lecturer, Brunel University London 
  87. Azam Khatam, Instructor, York University
  88. Azeezah Kanji, legal academic and journalist
  89. Badreddine Rachidi, Graduate Student & Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University.
  90. Baki Tezcan, Professor of History, University of California, Davis
  91. Banah Ghadbian, Assistant Professor Of Comparative Women’s Studies, Spelman College
  92. Barbara Aiolfi, research fellow University of Milan – BICOCCA
  93. Barbara De Poli, Associate Professor, Ca’ Foscari University Venice
  94. Barry Trachtenberg, Rubin Presidential Chair of Jewish History, Wake Forest University, North Carolina.
  95. Basheer Ahmad, Retired professor, JNU, New Delhi 
  96. Bashir Saade, Lecturer in Politics and Religion, University of Stirling
  97. Bayan Abusneineh, Assistant Professor, Ohio State University 
  98. Ben Golder, Professor, UNSW 
  99. Ben Whitham, Lecturer in International Relations, SOAS University of London
  100. Ben Wiedel-Kaufmann, Lecturer, The Open University. 
  101. Benjamin Selwyn, Professor of International Relations and Development, University of Sussex. 
  102. Benjamin Thorne, Lecturer in Law, University of Kent
  103. Berklee Baum, DPhil, University of Oxford
  104. Besan Jaber, Georgetown University
  105. Bielasan Tareq Zaina, PhD Student, Georgetown University
  106. Bikrum Gill, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Virginia Tech
  107. Bilal Maanaki, University of Virginia
  108. Bilge Yesil, City University of New York
  109. Bircan Ciytak, Research Fellow, University of Birmingham
  110. Birgul Kutan, University of Sussex 
  111. Bishnupriya Ghosh, Professor, UC Santa Barbara
  112. Blanca Camps-Febrer, Adjunct Lecturer, Autonomous University of Barcelona
  113. Brannon Ingram, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, North-western University
  114. Brendan Ciaran Browne, Assistant Professor, School of Religion, Theology and Peace Studies, Trinity College Dublin
  115. Brenna Bhandar, Associate Professor, Allard Law Faculty
  116. Bridget Guarasci, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Franklin & Marshall College
  117. Bruce Robbins, Columbia University
  118. Camila Vergara, Senior Lecturer, University of Essex
  119. Camilo Pérez-Bustillo, Executive Director, National Lawyers’ Guild – San Francisco Bay Area chapter
  120. Carlo Caprioglio, Legal Clinic on Migration and Asylum, Università Roma Tre
  121. Carlo Leget, Professor of Care Ethics, University of Humanistic Studies. 
  122. Carlos Bichet, Assistant Professor, Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas , Universidad de Panama
  123. Catherine Charrett, Senior Lecturer, International Relations, University of Westminster.
  124. Catherine Larocque, PhD candidate, University of Ottawa
  125. Cemil Aydin, Professor of International History, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
  126. Ceyda Turan, Lawyer at Turan Law Office
  127. Chaman Lal Retd Professor JNU 
  128. Charles des Portes, Teaching Fellow in Political Theory, University of Leeds
  129. Chenjerai Kumanyika, Assistant Professor, NYU Journalism 
  130. Chiara De Cesari, Professor of Heritage, Memory and Cultural Studies, University of Amsterdam. 
  131. Chiara Pagano, Post-doc, University of Graz 
  132. Chi-Chi Shi, PhD Researcher, Durham University
  133. Chris Barker, Assistant Professor, The American University in Cairo
  134. Chris Dole, Professor of Anthropology, Amherst College
  135. Chris Gilbert, Professor of Political Studies, Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela 
  136. Christina Murray, Graduate Student, MAAS, Georgetown.
  137. Christine Hong, Professor, UC Santa Cruz
  138. Christo El Morr, Professor, York University, Canada
  139. Christopher Parker, Associate Professor, Ghent University 
  140. Cigdem Cidam, Professor of Political Science, Union College Schenectady NY
  141. Cira Pascual Marquina, Professor of Political Studies, Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela
  142. Claire Begbie, PhD student at Concordia University, Montreal. 
  143. Claire Gallien, Professor, University Montpellier 3 
  144. Clara Han, Professor of Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University
  145. Claudia Dides, Universidad de Santiago. 
  146. Claudia Saba, Adjunct Lecturer, Ramon Llull University
  147. Clement Sichimwa, Lecturer and Researcher at University of Zambia 
  148. Clod Marlan Krister Yambao, Asst. Professor University of the Philippines Dept. of Art Studies and Doctoral Research Fellow, Conflict Research Group, Ghent Univesity
  149. Colleen Bell, Associate Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  150. Cristiana Fiamingo, assistant prof. University of Milan
  151. Cristina Bacchilega, Professor Emerita, University of Hawaii-Manoa
  152. Curtis F.J. Doebbler, Research Professor of Law, Department of Law, University of Makeni
  153. Cynthia Franklin, Professor, University of Hawai’i
  154. Dalia Said Mostafa, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
  155. Daniel Brown, PhD, LSE Sociology Department 
  156. Daniel Segal, Jean M Pitzer Professor Emeritus, Pitzer College
  157. Daniel Stein, Assistant Professor, O.P. Jindal Global Law School
  158. Daniela Meneghini ca’ Foscari università of Venice 
  159. Daniela Pioppi University of Naples L’Orientale 
  160. Danielle Fernandes, Doctoral researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
  161. Dara Leyden, PhD candidate, Queen Mary University of London
  162. Daragh Murray, Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Queen Mary University of London.
  163. Darryl Li, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Associate Member of the Law School, University of Chicago.
  164. David Leadbeater, Adjunct Professor, Laurentian University, Canada
  165. David Palumbo-Liu, Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor, Stanford University. 
  166. David Theo Goldberg, Professor, University of California, Irvine
  167. David van Leeuwen, professor, Radboud University Nijmegen 
  168. David Whyte, Professor of Climate Justice, Queen Mary University of London
  169. Dearbhla Minogue, Senior Lawyer at Global Legal Action Network
  170. Deborah B. Gould, Professor of Sociology, University of California, Santa Cruz 
  171. Deborah Lawson, PhD Candidate, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool. 
  172. Deen Sharp, Visiting Fellow, LSE
  173. Diana Allan, McGill University
  174. Diana Jeater, Professor of African History, University of Liverpool
  175. Diane Lamoureux, professeure émérite, Université Laval. 
  176. Dimitri Van Den Meerssche, Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London. 
  177. Dina Al-Kassim, Professor, University of British Columbia 
  178. Dina M. Siddiqi, Global Liberal Studies, New York University
  179. Dina Matar, Professor Political Communication, SOAS
  180. Dino Pancani C, Facultad de Comunicacion e Imagen, Universidad de Chile
  181. Dipti Khera, Associate Professor, New York University
  182. Dolly Kikon, University of Melbourne 
  183. Donia Khraishi, Georgetown University 
  184. Douaa sheet, Assistant Professor, American University
  185. Douglas Carson, Design Fellow, University College Dublin
  186. Dr David Landy, Director of MPhil in Race Ethnicity and Conflict, Trinity College Dublin
  187. Edemilson Paraná, Associate Professor of Social Sciences, LUT University, Finland
  188. Eduardo Villavicencio, PhD Student, Kent Law School.
  189. Edward Brennan, Lecturer, Technological University, Dublin
  190. Edwin Bikundo, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Law School
  191. Eftychia Mylona, Lecturer, Leiden University 
  192. Egidio de Bustamante, Senior Lecturer, Unit for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Innsbruck. 
  193. Ekin Kurtic, Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwestern University
  194. Elena Vezzadini, Research affiliate, Institute for African Worlds
  195. Elif Babül, Associate Professor, Mount Holyoke College
  196. Elif Durmuş, Postdoctoral Researcher in International Law and Human Rights, University of Antwerp
  197. Elisa Giunchi, Professor, Università degli studi di Milano
  198. Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Professor of Politics and Religious Studies, Northwestern University. 
  199. Elora Halim Chowdhury, Professor, UMass Boston
  200. Elora Shehabuddin, Professor, UC Berkeley
  201. Elyse Crystall, Teaching Professor, UNC Chapel Hill
  202. Emilio Dabed, adjunct professor of law, York University, Toronto 
  203. Emily J. Sumner, Ph.D. candidate, University of Minnesota
  204. Emily Watkins, Graduate Teaching Assistant/Instructor, University of Kansas
  205. Emma Palmer, Senior Lecturer, Griffith University
  206. Enrica Rigo, Associate professor of law, University of Roma Tre
  207. Eren Duzgun, Assistant Professor of International Relations, University of Cyprus
  208. Eric Hooglund, Editor, Middle East Critique
  209. Eskandar Sadeghi, Associate Professor, University of York
  210. Estella Carpi, Assistant Professor in Humanitarian Studies, University College London 
  211. Ettore Asoni, University of Bologna
  212. Eva Nanopoulos, Senior Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London
  213. Fabia Fernandes Carvalho, Assistant Professor, Universidade Federal de São Paulo
  214. Fabio Lanza, Professor, University of Arizona
  215. Fabio Marcelli, Senior Researcher of the Institute for International legal studies. 
  216. Fadi Ennab, Vanier Scholar/PhD Student, University of Manitoba 
  217. Farah Mahmoud, Doctoral Candidate, Florida International University
  218. Farida Khan, Professor, University of Colorado 
  219. Fatemeh Shams, Associate Professor of Persian Studies, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A
  220. Fathimah Fildzah Izzati, PhD Candidate, SOAS University of London
  221. Fatima Sajjad, Associate professor, Director Center for Critical Peace Studies, University of Management and Technology Lahore
  222. Fauzia Ahmad, Senior Lecturer, Goldsmiths
  223. Féilim Ó hAdhmaill, Lecturer, University College Cork
  224. Felícia Campos, PhD researcher in Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies, University of Edinburgh. 
  225. Felicite Fairer-Wessels, emeritus professor, University of Pretoria, South Africa
  226. Fernando Quintana, PhD Student and GTA, Queen Mary University of London, School of Law
  227. Fida Adely, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University
  228. Fien De Meyer, PhD, University of Antwerp. 
  229. Flagg Miller, Professor, University of California, Davis
  230. Francesca Biancani, Associate Professor, University of Bologna
  231. Francesca Romana Ammaturo, Senior Lecturer, London Metropolitan University.
  232. Francis Cody, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Toronto
  233. Francisca James Hernandez, Instructional Faculty, Pima Community College 
  234. Fulya Pinar, Postdoctoral scholar, Middle East Studies, Brown University.
  235. Gabriela Kuetting, Professor of Global Politics, Rutgers University-Newark
  236. Gabriele vom Bruck, SOAS. 
  237. Gareth Dale, Politics, Brunel University
  238. Gargi Bhattacharyya, Professor, University of the Arts
  239. Gary Fields, University of California San Diego
  240. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Professor, Columbia University 
  241. Gearóid Ó Cuinn, Founding Director, Global Legal Action Network (GLAN)
  242. Gennaro Gervasio, Associate Professor, Università Roma Tre 
  243. German Correa profesor Universidad de Santiago de Chile. 
  244. Germán Santana Pérez, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 
  245. Ghada Ageel, University of Alberta. 
  246. Ghadir Zannoun, Associate Professor, University of Kentucky
  247. Gholam Khiabany, Goldsmiths, University of London
  248. Gianfranco Ragona, professor at University of Turin
  249. Gillian Hart, Professor Emeritus, University of California Berkeley
  250. Gillian Maris Jones, Ph.D. candidate, University of Pennsylvania
  251. Giorgia Baldi, Lecturer, University of Sussex. 
  252. Giulia Contes, project manger and PhD student, UAntwerpen
  253. Giuseppe Aragno, Storico, Fondazione Humaniter, Napoli
  254. Giuseppe Mastruzzo, Director, International University College of Turin 
  255. Gloria Novovic, Gender, Development and Globalisation Fellow, London School of Economics.
  256. Golnar Nikpour, Assistant Professor or History, Dartmouth College
  257. Gordon Christie, Professor, Peter A Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia
  258. Goretti Horgan, Senior Lecturer, Ulster University 
  259. Greg Albo, professor, Politics, York University
  260. Greg Burris, Associate Professor, American University of Beirut.
  261. Guido Donini, former Assistant Professor 0ffof Classics at the University of Chicago
  262. Guillermo Gigliani, Professor, Universidad Nacional de Moreno, Argentina
  263. Hadia Mubarak, Assistant Professor of Religion, Queens University of Charlotte.
  264. Haim Beresheeth, Professorial Research Associate, SOAS University of London.
  265. Hakeem Yusuf, Professor of Global Law, University of Derby
  266. Hamed Al-Mogarry, Sana’a University.
  267. Hanan Elsayed, Occidental College
  268. Hanan Kashou, Associate Teaching Professor, Rutger University.
  269. Hanan Toukan, Associate Professor, Bard College Berlin
  270. Hannah Boast, Chancellor’s Fellow, University of Edinburgh 
  271. Hannah NS Bahrin, PhD student, Queen Mary University 
  272. Hannelore Van Bavel, postdoctoral researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & University of Bristol
  273. Harold Marcuse, Professor of History, University of California, Santa Barbara
  274. Hasan Basri Bülbül, Assistant Professor of International Law, Boğaziçi University, Turkey.
  275. Hasan Shuaib, PhD Graduate, Rutgers University
  276. Hassan Jabareen, General Director, Adalah Legal Center.
  277. Hatice Ozturk, PhD student, Georgetown University
  278. Hayley Gibson, University of Kent. 
  279. Hazem Jamjoum, Curator, British Library.
  280. Helga Tawil-Souri, Associate Professor, New York University
  281. Helmi Mohammed Abdo, Sana’a Community College.
  282. Helyeh Doutaghi, Research Scholar, Yale University.
  283. Hesham Sallam, Stanford University
  284. Hilla Dayan, Lecturer, Amsterdam University College. 
  285. Hossein Kamaly, Professor of Interfaith Studies, Hartford international University for Religion and Peace
  286. Howard Pflanzer, Adj. Associate Professor, Hunter College
  287. Howard Winant, University of California, Santa Barbara
  288. Howie Rechavia-Taylor, Fellow, LSE
  289. Hulya Dagdeviren, Professor of Economic Development, University of Hertfordshire. 
  290. Humeira Iqtidar, King’s College London
  291. Huseyin Disli & Kent Law School/Worldwide Lawyers Association Research and Programmes Executive.
  292. Idil Abdillahi Assistant Professor, TMU.
  293. Ignasi Bernat, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Sociology, University of Barcelona 
  294. Inessa Hadjivayanis, PhD candidate, SOAS. 
  295. Inge van Nistelrooij, associate professor, University of Humanistic Studies, Utrecht.
  296. Intan Suwandi, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Illinois State University. 
  297. Iqra Anugrah, Research Fellow, International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden University. 
  298. Ira Bhaskar, Retd. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
  299. Irene Van Staveren, professor of economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam. 
  300. Irina Ceric, Assistant Professor, University of Windsor Faculty of Law 
  301. Isabel Huacuja Alonso, Assistant Professor, Columbia University
  302. Isabel Käser, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Bern 
  303. Isabella Camera d’Afflitto – Honorary Professor, Sapienza università di Roma
  304. Isabelle Mildonian, Graduate, Roanoke College. 
  305. Işıl Aral, Assistant professor of international law, Koç University
  306. Isobel Roele, Reader in Law, Queen Mary University of London 
  307. Issa Shivji, Professor Emeritus, University of Dar es Salaam
  308. J. Travis Shutz, Assistant Professor, California State University Los Angeles
  309. Jack Halberstam, Columbia University 
  310. Jack McGinn, PhD candidate, LSE
  311. Jairo I. Fúnez-Flores, Texas Tech University
  312. Jalal Kawash, Academic, University of Calgary
  313. Jamal Ali, Assistant Teaching Professor, Rutgers University
  314. James Eastwood, Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London
  315. Jan Selby, Professor of International Politics, University of Leeds
  316. Jaskiran Dhillon, Associate Professor, The New School
  317. Jasmin Johurun Nessa, University of Liverpool.
  318. Jasmine Barzani, PhD candidate Melbourne University
  319. Jason Beckett, Associate Professor, American University in Cairo
  320. Javier González-Arellano, Profesor asociado de filosofía del Derecho Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. 
  321. Jay Ramasubramanyam, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Science, York University
  322. Jean Beaman, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of California-Santa Barbara
  323. Jeannette Graulau, Associate Professor, CUNY
  324. Jeff Handmaker, Associate Professor, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
  325. Jeffrey Sacks, Associate Professor, University of California, Riverside 
  326. Jeffrey Stevenson Murer, Senior Lecturer on Collective Violence, University of St Andrews
  327. Jehan Mohamed, Lecturer, Rutgers State University.
  328. Jenny Phillimore, Professor, University of Birmingham
  329. Jeremy Dell, Lecturer, University of Edinburgh 
  330. Jessie Daniels, PhD, Professor, CUNY
  331. Jillian Rogin, Associate Professor (Law), University of Windsor. 
  332. Jinan Bastaki, Associate Professor of Legal Studies, NYUAD. 
  333. Jo Bluen, London School of Economics, PhD candidate
  334. Joel Gordon, Professor of History, University of Arkansas 
  335. Johanna Ray Vollhardt, Associate Professor, Clark University
  336. John Bellamy Foster, Profesor Emeritus, University of Oregon. 
  337. John Cox, Director, Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights Studies, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
  338. John L. Esposito, Distinguished University Professor, Georgetown University
  339. John Reynolds, Associate Professor of International Law, Maynooth University.
  340. Jolanda Guardi, Professor, University of Turin
  341. Jo-Marie Burt, Associate Professor, George Mason University
  342. Jonathan Wheeler, Assistant professor and researcher, National University of Tucumán-CONICET. 
  343. Jordan Cortesi, PhD student, University of Kansas.
  344. Jordana Silverstein, Senior Research Fellow, University of Melbourne
  345. Jose Itzigsohn, Professor of Sociology, Brown University
  346. Joseph Elsayyid, Yale University
  347. Julian Go, Professor, University of Chicago
  348. Juliane Hammer, Professor of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  349. Jyotirmaya Sharma, Professor, University of Hyderabad 
  350. Kaiya Aboagye, Senior Lecturer, University Western Sydney
  351. Kalbir Shukra, former senior lecturer now independent researcher.
  352. Kareem Rabie, Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago
  353. Karen Crawley, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Law School 
  354. Karin Arts, Professor of International Law and Development, International Institute of Social Studies
  355. Karma Nabulsi, Professor, University of Oxford 
  356. Kasia Paprocki, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
  357. Katherine Gallagher, Center for Constitutional Rights
  358. Katherine Natanel, Senior Lecturer in Gender Studies, University of Exeter
  359. Kathy Engel, Associate Arts Professor, NYU
  360. Katy Kalemkerian, John Abbott College 
  361. Kaveh Ehsani, Associate Professor, DePaul University- Chicago
  362. Ken Fero Assistant Professor Coventry University
  363. Kenzie El Bakry, Graduate Social Sciences, University of Düsseldorf 
  364. Kevin A. Gould, Associate Professor of Geography, Concordia University
  365. Kevin Skerrett, Adjunct Research Professor, Institute of Political Economy, Carleton University
  366. Khaled Abou El Fadl, Professor, UCLA law School
  367. Kiran Asher, Professor and Chair, Department of Women, Gender, Sexuality Studies, UMass Amherst
  368. Kirsten Forkert, Professor of Cultural Studies, Birmingham City University. 
  369. Koen Leurs, Associate Professor, Utrecht University. 
  370. Kristina Richardson, Professor, University of Virginia. 
  371. Kurt Schock, Professor, Rutgers University, Newark
  372. Laila Farah, Depaul University, Associate Professor
  373. Laila Parsons, Professor, McGill University 
  374. Laila Shereen Sakr, Associate Professor, UC Santa Barbara
  375. Laith Aqel, Clinical Lecturer in Law, Yale Law School.
  376. Laleh Khalili, Professor, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter
  377. Lana Sirri, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Amsterdam. 
  378. Lara Deeb, Professor of Anthropology, Scripps College
  379. Lara Fricke, PhD candidate University of Exeter
  380. Lara Khattab, Assistant Professor at Mount Allison University 
  381. Laura Betancur Restrepo, Associate Professor of International Law, Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia
  382. Laura De Vos, Assistant Professor American Studies, Radboud University
  383. Laura Fair, Professor, Columbia University
  384. Laura Maghețiu, Doctoral Researcher, CLaSP, Queen Mary University of London
  385. Laura Rodriguez Castro, Southern Cross University 
  386. Laurie King, Anthropology, Georgetown University 
  387. Laurie King, Teaching Professor, Department of Anthropology, Georgetown University 
  388. Layli Uddin, Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London
  389. Leena Grover, Associate Professor of International Law, Tilburg University
  390. Leila Ullrich, Associate Professor of Criminology, University of Oxford.
  391. Lena Alhusseini, Phd Student, California Institute of Integral Studies
  392. Leo Spitzer, Professor of History Emeritus, Dartmouth College
  393. Leon Sealey-Huggins, Assistant Professor of Global Sustainable Development, University of Warwick 
  394. Leticia Rovira-Facultad de Humanidades y Artes- Universidad Nacional de Rosario – Argentina
  395. Leyla Neyzi, Research Fellow, University of Glasgow
  396. Lila Pine, Associate Professor, New Media, Toronto Metropolitan University
  397. Liliana Suárez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  398. Lisa Hajjar, Professor of Sociology, UC Santa Barbara
  399. Livia Wick, Associate Professor, American University of Beirut.
  400. Liyana Kayali, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Sydney
  401. Lori Allen, Reader in Anthropology, SOAS University of London. 
  402. Lucia Sorbera, Senior Lecturer and Chair Arabic Language and Cultures, The University of Sydney
  403. Luigi Daniele, Senior Lecturer in Law, Nottingham Trent University
  404. Luis Andueza, Lecturer in International Development, King’s College London 
  405. Luis Eslava, Professor of International Law, La Trobe University & University of Kent
  406. M. Bahati Kuumba, Professor of Comparative Women’s Studies, Spelman College 
  407. M. Muhannad Ayyash, Professor of Sociology, Mount Royal University. 
  408. Macarena Aguiló, Académica Universidad de Chile 
  409. Madawi Al-Rasheed, Professor, LSE
  410. Madeline G. Levine, Kenan Professor of Slavic Literatures Emerita, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  411. Maghraoui Driss, Al Akhawayn University, Morocco. 
  412. Maha Abdallah, Graduate Teaching Assistant & PhD researcher, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp. 
  413. Maha Nassar, Associate Professor, University of Arizona. 
  414. Maha Shuayb, University of Cambridge and Centre for Lebanese Studies.
  415. Maher Hamoud, Associate Scholar, KU Leuven
  416. Mahsheed Ansari, Senior Lecturer, Charles Sturt University
  417. Mahvish Ahmad, Assistant Professor in Human Rights and Politics, LSE & Co-Director LSE Human Rights. 
  418. Mairaj Syed, Professor, Religious Studies and Middle East South Asia Studies, University of California, Davis
  419. Maisha Prome, PhD Candidate, Yale University
  420. Malek Abisaab, Associate Professor McGill University 
  421. Mandy Turner, professor of conflict, peace and humanitarian affairs, University of Manchester, UK. 
  422. Marcela Alvarez Pérez, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  423. Marcela Pizarro , Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London
  424. Margaux L Kristjansson, Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Native American and Indigenous Studies, Bard College
  425. Maria Bhatti, lecturer, School of Law, Western Sydney University 
  426. Maria Cristina Paciello, researcher, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice 
  427. Maria Federica Moscati, Reader in Law and Society, University of Sussex. 
  428. Maria Haro Sly, Ph.D. Candidate, Johns Hopkins University. 
  429. Maria LaHood, Deputy Legal Director, Center for Constitutional Rights. 
  430. Maria Rashid Fellow, Gender Studies Department, London School of Economics.
  431. Maria Tzanakopoulou, Lecturer in Law, Birkbeck, University of London
  432. Mariam Motamedi Fraser, Reader in Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London
  433. Mariana Gkiati, Assistant Professor, Tilburg University
  434. Marianne Hirschberg, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Kassel, Germany.
  435. Marieke Potma, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
  436. Marilù Mastrogiovanni, Adjunct professor in Journalism, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”
  437. Mario Novelli, University of Sussex 
  438. Marion Kaplan, NYU, Emerita
  439. Marios Costa, Senior Lecturer, City, University of London 
  440. Marjorie Cohn, Founding Dean, People’s Academy of International Law
  441. Mark Goodman, Professor, Sociology, York University, Toronto
  442. Marnie Holborow, Associate Faculty, Dublin City University
  443. Marsha Henry, London School of Economics
  444. Marsha Rosengarten, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths University of London
  445. Marta Giallombardo, PhD candidate, Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia.
  446. Marwa Daoudy, Associate Professor, Georgetown University
  447. Marwa Neji, researcher, Ghent University, Belgium. 
  448. Mary Ana McGlasson, Director, Centre for Humanitarian Leadership, Deakin University, Melbourne
  449. Mary Ellen Davis, part-time faculty, Concordia University, Montréal
  450. Marya Farah, Legal Researcher
  451. Mary Nolan, Professor of History Emerita, New York University
  452. Maryam Aldossari, Associate Professor, Royal Holloway University of London 
  453. Matt Howard, Lecturer, University of Kent
  454. Matteo Capasso, University of Venice, Italy.
  455. Matthew Cole, Lecturer in Technology, Work and Employment. 
  456. Maud Anne Bracke, Professor of modern European history, University of Glasgow UK 
  457. Maura Finkelstein, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Muhlenberg College 
  458. Mauricio Amar, Centro de Estudios Árabes Eugenio Chahuan, Universidad de Chile
  459. Maja Janmyr, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo
  460. Maya Mikdashi, Associate Professor, Rutgers University. 
  461. Mayur Suresh, Senior Lecturer, SOAS University of London. 
  462. Mazen Masri, Senior Lecturer in Law, The City Law School, City University of London. 
  463. Maziar Behrooz, San Francisco State University
  464. Madina Thiam, Assistant Professor of History, New York University
  465. Meera Sabaratnam, Associate Professor, University of Oxford
  466. Mehmet Erken, İstanbul University
  467. Mehrdad F. Samadzadeh, University of Toronto
  468. Melania Brito Clavijo, PhD candidate; Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
  469. Melanie Richter-Montpetit, Senior Lecturer in International Security, Department of International Relations, University of Sussex.
  470. Melinda González, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University
  471. Micah Khater, Assistant Professor, University of California-Berkeley
  472. Michael Daniel Yates, Professor Emeritus, University of Pittsburghersity of Pittsburgh
  473. Michael Fakhri, Professor of Law, University of Oregon. 
  474. Michael Rodríguez-Muñiz, Associate Professor, University of California, Berkeley
  475. Michael Rothberg, Professor of English, Comparative Literature, and Holocaust Studies, UCLA.
  476. Michel Feher, Editor/Publisher, Zone books, NY. 
  477. Michelle Burgis-Kasthala, Senior Lecturer in Public International Law
  478. Michelle Hartman, Professor, McGill University
  479. Michiel Bot, Associate Professor, Tilburg Law School. 
  480. Miguel Valderrama, investigador adjunto Instituto de Filosofía, Universidad Diego Portales.
  481. Mikki Stelder, Assistant Professor Global Arts and Politics, University of Amsterdam. 
  482. Minoo Moallem, Professor, UC Berkeley
  483. Miriam Ticktin, Professor, CUNY Graduate Center. 
  484. Miriyam Aouragh, Professor, University of Westminster.
  485. Mirjam Twigt, Leiden University 
  486. Moara Assis Crivelente, Researcher in the Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra
  487. Mohamad Arnaout, Associate Professor, Lebanese International University 
  488. Mohamed Ali, PhD Candidate, Georgetown University
  489. Mohamed Mathee, Senior Lecturer, University of Johannesburg.
  490. Mohamed Sayed, Associate instructor and PhD candidate at Indiana University
  491. Mohamed Wajdi Ben Hammed, Assistant Professor at UC Berkeley
  492. Mohammad Ataie, Lecturer, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
  493. Mohammad Fakhreddine, Assistant Teaching Professor, Georgetown University
  494. Mohammad Shahabuddin, Professor, University of Birmingham 
  495. Mohammed Abukhdeir. Abukhdeir family President 
  496. Mohammed Sawaie, Professor, University of Virginia
  497. Mohan Rao, former professor at JNU, New Delhi
  498. Mohsen al Attar, Reader, Associate Dean, XJTLU
  499. Mona Baker, University of Oslo
  500. Monisha Das Gupta, University of Hawaiʻi 
  501. Mridula Mukherjee JNU India Retired Professor
  502. Murad Idris, Associate Professor, University of Michigan
  503. Myria Georgiou, Professor, LSE
  504. Mythri Jegathesan, Associate Professor, Santa Clara University.
  505. Nabil Al-Tikriti, Professor, University of Mary Washington
  506. Nabil Salih, graduate student at Bard College
  507. Nada Elia, Visiting Professor, Western Washington University
  508. Nadeem Karkabi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Haifa
  509. Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Lawrence D Biele Chair in Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Global Chair in Law, Queen Mary University of London.
  510. Nadia Abu El-Haj, Ann Whitney Olin Professor, Barnard College & Columbia University.
  511. Nadia Ahmad, Associate Professor of Law, Barry University; PhD Student, Yale School of the Environment
  512. Nadia Guessous, Colorado College
  513. Nadia Silhi Chahin, PhD researcher, Law School – University of Edinburgh
  514. Nadine El-Enany, Professor of Law, University of Kent. 
  515. Nadje Al-Ali, Professor of Anthropology and Middle East Studies, Brown University 
  516. Nahla Abdo, Professor, Carleton University. 
  517. Naiefa Rashied, Lecturer: School of Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa. 
  518. Nalini Mohabir, Associate Professor, Concordia University. 
  519. Namita Wahi, Senior Fellow, Centre for Policy Research. 
  520. Nancy Gallagher, professor emerita, UCSB
  521. Nandini Chandra, Associate Professor, University of Hawaii at Manoa
  522. Naomi Taub, Postdoctoral Fellow, UCLA
  523. Naoual El Yattouti, PhD Researcher University of Antwerp
  524. Natalie Kouri-Towe, Associate Professor, Concordia University
  525. Natasha Iskander, Professor of Urban Planning and Public Service, New York University
  526. Nathalie Khankan, Continuing Lecturer, UC Berkeley
  527. Nathaniel George, Lecturer in Politics of the Middle East, SOAS, University of London
  528. Naveed Ahmad Mir. PhD student and GTA, Kent Law School.
  529. Naveeda Khan, Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University
  530. Nazia Kazi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Stockton University.
  531. Nesrine Badawi, Associate Professor, The American University in Cairo
  532. Niall Meehan, Head, Journalism & Media Faculty, Griffith College, Dublin (retired)
  533. Niamh Rooney, Assistant Lecturer, Dept. of International Development, Maynooth University
  534. Nichola Khan. Professor, University of Edinburgh 
  535. Nicola Perugini, Associate Professor, University of Edinburgh. 
  536. Nicola Pratt, Professor of the International Politics of the Middle East, University of Warwick
  537. Nicola Soekoe, Counsel, Pan African Bar Association of South Africa (PABASA). 
  538. Nicole Beardsworth, Wits University
  539. Nicole Ranganath, Assistant Professor, UC Davis
  540. Nicos Trimikliniotis, Professor, University of Nicosia. 
  541. Nida Kirmani, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
  542. Nikhita Mendis, Anthropology PhD Student, University of Chicago
  543. Nimer Sultany, Reader in Public Law, SOAS University of London.
  544. Nimet Cebeci, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
  545. Nina Eliasoph, University of Southern California
  546. Nina Farnia, Assistant Professor, Albany Law School
  547. Nisha Kapoor, Associate Professor, University of Warwick 
  548. Nivi Manchanda, Reader in International Politics Queen Mary University of London 
  549. Noah Salomon, Associate Professor, University of Virginia
  550. Noam Peleg, Senior Lecturer,  
  551. Noor Gieles, MD & PhD student, Amsterdam UMC. 
  552. Nora E.H. Parr, Research Fellow, University of Birmingham 
  553. Norma Rantisi, Concordia University. 
  554. Nour El Kadri, Professor, University of Ottawa
  555. Noura Erakat, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, New Brunswick. 
  556. Noura Nasser, PhD student, LSE. 
  557. Noureddine Jebnoun, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University
  558. Ntina Tzouvala, Associate Professor ANU College of Law. 
  559. Nusrat S Chowdhury, Associate Professor, Amherst College
  560. Olga Grau, Universidad de Chile
  561. Olga Touloumi, Associate Professor, Bard College
  562. Oludamini Ogunnaike, University of Virginia
  563. Olúfẹ́mi O. Táíwò, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University
  564. Omar Al-Ghazzi, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science 
  565. Omar Farahat, Associate Professor, McGill University 
  566. Omar Jabary Salamanca, Postdoc Fellow, Université libre de Bruxelles. 
  567. Omer Bartov, Samuel Pisar Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Department of History; Faculty Fellow, Watson Institute for International & Public Affairs, Brown University.
  568. Omid Safi, Professor, Duke University
  569. Omnia El Shakry, Professor of History, Yale University
  570. Omr Kassem, University of Chicago 
  571. Osama Siddique. Inaugural Henry J. Steiner Professor of Human Rights. Harvard law School. 
  572. Osman Bakar, Professor of Islamic Thought, International Islamic University Malaysia
  573. Othman Belkebir, Ph.D researcher, Geneva Graduate Institute. 
  574. Ozlem Biner Senior Lecturer in Anthropology, SOAS
  575. Pablo Oyarzun R., Universidad de Chile.
  576. Paola Rivetti, Associate Professor, Dublin City University 
  577. Paola Zichi, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Warwick Law School
  578. Patricia Sampedro, postgraduate student in International Development at the University of Oxford
  579. Patrick Shi Timmer, Postgraduate Student, King’s College London. 
  580. Paul Michael Garrett, PhD, D. Lit, MRIA, University of Galway
  581. Paula Chakravartty, James Weldon Johnson Associate Professor of Media Studies, NYU
  582. Pauline Martini, Doctoral researcher, Queen Mary University of London.
  583. Pete W. Moore, Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University
  584. Peter Drury, Kent Law School, PhD Student.
  585. Peter Hallward, Professor of Philosophy, Kingston University UK
  586. Pietro Masina, professor, University of Naples L’Orientale. 
  587. Pınar Kemerli, Assistant Professor, Bard College
  588. Polly Withers, Leverhulme ECF, LSE
  589. Pooja Rangan, Associate Professor of English in Film and Media Studies, Amherst College 
  590. Popy Begum, Saint Louis University. 
  591. R. Brian Ferguson, Rutgers University-Newark
  592. Rabea Eghbariah, SJD Candidate, Harvard Law School.
  593. Rachad Antonius, retired full professor, Université du Québec à Montréal 
  594. Rahima Siddique, Phd Student, University of Manchester.
  595. Rahul Rao, Reader, University of St Andrews
  596. Rami G Khouri, American University of Beirut. 
  597. Ran Zwigenberg, Associate Professor of Asian Studies, History, and Jewish Studies, Pennsylvania State University.
  598. Rana Kazkaz, Associate Professor, Northwestern University Qatar
  599. Randa M. Wahbe; PhD student; Harvard University
  600. Randa Tawil, Texas Christian University
  601. Raphael Salkie, Emeritus Professor of Language Studies, University of Brighton 
  602. Rasha Bayoumi, Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Birmingham 
  603. Rashid Yahiaoui, Assistant Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar. 
  604. Ratna Kapur, Professor, Queen Mary University of London
  605. Raz Segal, Associate Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Stockton University. 
  606. Razan AlSalah, Concordia University. 
  607. Rebecca Ruth Gould, Professor, SOAS University of London. 
  608. Reem Abou-El-Fadl, Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics of the Middle East, SOAS University of London
  609. Reem Al-Botmeh, Lecturer, Institute of Law, Birzeit University
  610. Reem Awny Abuzaid, PhD candidate, University of Warwick
  611. Renate Bridenthal, The City University of New York
  612. Renisa Mawani, Professor, Sociology, University of British Columbia. 
  613. Reuven Pinnata, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Washington.
  614. Rhys Machold, Senior Lecturer, University of Glasgow
  615. Ricarda Hammer, Assistant Professor, UC Berkeley
  616. Richard Clements, Assistant Professor, Tilburg Law School
  617. Richard Falk, Professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University.
  618. Richard Marcuse, Anthropology, formerly University of Victoria
  619. Richard Wild, Principal Lecturer in Criminology, University of Greenwich 
  620. Rita Sakr, Maynooth University
  621. Robert Crews, Professor of History, Stanford University
  622. Roberto Filippello, Assistant Professor at University of Amsterd.
  623. Rochelle Davis, Sultanate of Oman Associate Professor, Georgetown University
  624. Rodante van der Waal, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
  625. Rodrigo C. Bulamah, Professor, State University of Rio de Janeiro
  626. Roger Heacock, Professor of history emeritus , Birzeit University, Palestine 
  627. Rohini Sen, School of Law, University of Warwick. 
  628. Ronak Kapadia, Associate Professor, University of Illinois Chicago
  629. Ronit Lentin, Retired Associate Professor of Sociology, Trinity College Dublin 
  630. Rose Parfitt, Senior Lecturer in International Law, University of Kent. 
  631. Rosemarie Buikema , professor of art, culture and diversity
  632. Roxana Pessoa Cavalcanti, University of Brighton
  633. Roxana Pey, académica Universidad de Chile.
  634. Ruba Salih, Professor, Università di Bologna. 
  635. Ruth Fletcher, Reader in Law, Queen Mary University of London
  636. S. Hasan Mahmud, retired professor Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  637. S. Sayyid, Professor of Decolonial Thought and Social Theory, University of Leeds.
  638. S. Yaser Mirdamadi Researcher and lecturere at the Institute of Ismaʼili Studies, London.
  639. Saada Hammad, part time instructor, Holt Spirit University of Kaslik.
  640. Saadat Umar Pirzada, Assistant Lecturer, PhD Candidate, Kent Law School.
  641. Sabreena Ghaffar-Siddiqui Sheridan College 
  642. Sacide Ataş, Ph.D. Candidate, Istanbul Medeniyet University
  643. Sadiyya Haffejee, Associate Professor, University of Johannesburg. 
  644. Sa’ed Atshan, Associate Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies and Anthropology, Swarthmore College
  645. Sai Englert, Lecturer, Leiden University. 
  646. Salem Abdellatif Al-Shawafi, Professor of Philosophy, Community College Qatar.
  647. Samer Abdelnour, Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh.
  648. Samer Jabbour, Researcher, Syrian Center for Policy Studies.
  649. Sami Hermez, Director of Liberal Arts Program and Associate professor of Anthropology, Northwestern University in Qatar 
  650. Samia Bano, SOAS, University of London.
  651. Samia Henni, Cornell University 
  652. Sandro Mezzadra, Professor, University of Bologna 
  653. Santiago Alberto Vargas Niño, Lecturer in IH(R)L and ICL, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
  654. Santosh Anand, Assistant Lecturer, Kent Law School, University of Kent
  655. Santosh Mehrotra, Visiting Professor, institute for Policy Research, University of Bath
  656. Sara Alsaraf, University of Birmingham, UK, PhD Student
  657. Sara Chaudhry, Senior Lecturer, Birkbeck
  658. Sara Dehm, Senior Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
  659. Sara Elbrolosy, Georgetown University. 
  660. Sara Matthews, Associate Professor of Culture and Conflict, Global Studies and Communication Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University
  661. Sara Pursley, Associate Professor, New York University
  662. Sara Razai , Lecturer, University of Westminster. 
  663. Sarah Bracke, Professor, University of Amsterdam. 
  664. Sarah El-Kazaz, Senior Lecturer, SOAS, University of London
  665. Sarah Ghabrial, Assoc. Prof, Concordia University (Montreal)
  666. Sarah Ihmoud, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, The College of the Holy Cross.
  667. Sarah Irving, Lecturer in History, Staffordshire University
  668. Sarah Keenan, Reader in Law, Birkbeck College, University of London
  669. Sarah Lamble, Reader in Criminology, Birkbeck, University of London
  670. Sarah Phillips, Professor of Global Conflict and Development, The University of Sydney
  671. Sarah Raymundo , Assistant Professor, Center for International Studies University of the Philippines Diliman 
  672. Sasan Fayazmanesh, Professor Emeritus of Economics, California State University, Fresno
  673. Scheherazade Bloul, PhD, Deakin University 
  674. Scott Newton, Professor of Laws of Central Asia, SOAS University of London
  675. Sean Lee, Assistant Professor of Political Science, American University in Cairo
  676. Sean T. Mitchell, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Rutgers University-Newark
  677. Sebastián Link, PhD student, Johns Hopkins University.
  678. Selim Can Bilgin, Partner at Kabine Law
  679. Shabbir Agha Abbas, PhD Candidate, University of Arizona
  680. Shabnam Holliday, University of Plymouth
  681. Shahd Hammouri, University of Kent.
  682. Shakuntala Banaji, Professor, LSE 
  683. Sharika Thiranagama, Associate Professor, Stanford University Dept. of Anthropology. 
  684. Sharmila Parmanand, Assistant Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science.
  685. Sheer Ganor, History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.
  686. Shehnaz Abdeljaber, University of Pennsylavania
  687. Sherene Seikaly, UCSB
  688. Shirin Saeidi, University of Arkansas 
  689. Shohini Sengupta, Associate Professor, O.P. Jindal Global University, India
  690. Siddhartha Deb, Associate Professor, The New School 
  691. Siggie Vertommen, Assistant Professor at University of Amsterdam.
  692. Sigrid Schmalzer, Professor of History, University of Masschusetts Amherst
  693. Silvia Groaz, Professor of Architecture History, ENSA Paris-Est
  694. Silvia Posocco, Reader in Social Anthropology, Birkbeck, University of London
  695. Simidele Dosekun, Assistant Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science 
  696. Simon McKenzie, Lecturer, Griffith Law School
  697. Simone Sibilio, Associate Professor, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
  698. Sinéad Mercier, PhD Researcher (international law), University College Dublin
  699. Sinead Ring, Lecturer School of Law and Criminology Maynooth University
  700. Siobhán Wills, Director of the Transitional Justice Institute, Ulster University
  701. Sivamohan Valluvan, Associate Professor, University of Warwick 
  702. Sladjana Lazic, Assistant Professor, University of Innsbruck. 
  703. Sneha Annavarapu, Yale-NUS college 
  704. Sophia Brown, postdoctoral researcher, Freie Universität Berlin
  705. Sophia Stamatopoulou-Robbins, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Bard College
  706. Sophie Richter-Devroe, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University 
  707. Souheir Edelbi, Lecturer, School of Law, Western Sydney University
  708. Stefan Kipfer, York University
  709. Stephanie Deig, PhD Candidate, University of Lucerne 
  710. Steven Alan Carr, Director, Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Purdue University Fort Wayne (affiliation for identification purposes only).
  711. Steven I. Levine, Research Faculty Associate, Dept. of History, University of Montana, USA
  712. Sujith Xavier, Associate Professor, University of Windsor
  713. Sultan Doughan, Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London.
  714. Sumathy Sivamohan, Professor, University of Peradeniya. 
  715. Sumayya Kassamali, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto
  716. Sumedha Choudhury, PhD candidate, Melbourne Law School
  717. Sumi Madhok, London School of Economics. 
  718. Sune Haugbolle, Professor, Roskilde University
  719. Surabhi Ranganathan, Professor of International Law; Director of Postgraduate Education, University of Cambridge 
  720. Suraya Khan, Assistant Professor, San Antonio College
  721. Susan M. Akram, Clinical Professor, Boston University School of Law
  722. Susan Power, Head of Legal Research and Advocacy, Al-Haq
  723. Susanne Wessendorf, Professor of Social Anthropology, Coventry University
  724. Suzana Rahde Gerchmann, PhD candidate and GTA at City, University of London. 
  725. Swati Chattopadhyay, Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara
  726. Sydney Chuen, Georgetown University.
  727. Syed Muhammad Omar, PhD Research, University of Kansas
  728. Syeda Masood, Phd candidate, Brown University
  729. Talal Asad, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, City University of New York
  730. Tamanisha J. John, Assistant Professor at York University
  731. Tamsin Phillipa Paige, Senior Lecturer, Deakin Law School
  732. Taner Akcam, Director of Armenian Genocide Research Program at Promise Armenian Institute, UCLA.
  733. Tani Barlow, Professor of History, Rice University
  734. Tania Saeed, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan
  735. Tanya Serisier, Reader in Feminist Theory and Criminology, Birkbeck, University of London
  736. Tanzil Chowdhury, Associate Professor of Public Law, Queen Mary University of London
  737. Tarik Nejat Dinc, Visiting Assistant Professor, Reed College
  738. Tariq Khan, Associate Professor, Govt College Township Lahore. 
  739. Tasniem Anwar, Assistant Professor, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam 
  740. Tendayi Achiume, Professor of Law UCLA School of Law
  741. Teresa Almeida Cravo, Associate Professor, University of Coimbra, Portugal
  742. Terri Ginsberg, Faculty, City University of New York
  743. Thalia Kruger, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp
  744. Thomas Blom Hansen, Professor of Anthropology, Stanford University. 
  745. Thomas Cowan, University of Nottingham
  746. Thomas Earl Porter, Professor of Russian, Modern European and Genocide Studies, North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University
  747. Tim Lindgren, Postdoctoral Fellow at Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam. 
  748. Tim Lindgren, Postdoctoral Fellow in International Law at Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam
  749. Timothy Mitchell, Professor, Columbia University
  750. Tom Frost, Senior Lecturer, Kent Law School. 
  751. Tom Pettinger, Research Fellow, University of Warwick 
  752. Tor Krever, Assistant Professor in International Law, University of Cambridge
  753. Tori Fleming, Doctoral Student, York University
  754. Traek Z. Ismail, CUNY School of Law
  755. Trevor Lies, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Kansas.
  756. Trevor Ngwane, senior lecturer, University of Johannesburg
  757. Triestino Mariniello, LJMU 
  758. Ubeydullah Ademi, PhD Student, Northwestern University
  759. Umair Pervez, Instructor University of Calgary 
  760. Usha Natarajan, LPE Faculty Fellow, Yale Law School 
  761. Valentina Zagaria, Research Associate, Anthropology Department, University of Manchester
  762. Valerie Forman, Associate professor, New York University 
  763. Van Aken Mauro University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy
  764. Vanessa Ramos, Asociación Americana de Juristas, President
  765. Vasiliki Touhouliotis, Adjunct Faculty and Independent Scholar, Portland State University
  766. Vasken Markarian, PhD, University of Texas at Austin
  767. Vasuki Nesiah, Professor of Practice in Human Rights and International Law, The Gallatin School, NYU.
  768. Victoria Sanford, PhD, Lehman Professor of Excellence, Lehman College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.
  769. Victoria Veguilla del Moral, Pablo de Olvide University
  770. Vida Samiian, Professor & Dean Emerita, CSU Fresno
  771. Vidya Kumar, Senior Lecturer in Law, SOAS, University of London 
  772. Vikki Bell, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London
  773. Vivan, Itala, Professor, Università degli Studi, Milano, Italy 
  774. Wade McMullen, international human rights lawyer, Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
  775. Wail S. Hassan, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
  776. Walaa Alqaisiya, University of Venice-Italy.
  777. Waqas Tufail, Reader in Criminology, Leeds Beckett University
  778. Waseem Yaqoob, Lecturer, History of Political Thought
  779. Wassim Naboulsi, Research Associate in IR, University of Sussex. 
  780. Wendy Brown, Professor, Institute for Advanced Study.
  781. Wendy DeSouza, Adjunct Professor in Women and Gender Studies, Sonoma State University
  782. Wendy Gifford, Professor, University of Ottawa
  783. Wendy Pearlman, Professof Political Science, Northwestern University. 
  784. William I Robinson, Distinguished Professor of Sociology, University of California at Santa Barbara 
  785. William Mazzarella, Neukom Family Professor of Anthropology, University of Chicago
  786. Yaseen Noorani, Associate Professor, University of Arizona 
  787. Yaser Amouri, PhD, Public International Law, Birzeit University, Palestine
  788. Yasmeen Azam, graduate student, UC Berkeley
  789. Yasmeen Hanoosh, Professor, Portland State University
  790. Yasmine Kherfi, PhD Student, LSE
  791. Yasmine Nahlawi, Legal Consultant. 
  792. Yolande Jansen, Professor, University of Amsterdam
  793. Yosefa Loshitzky, Professor, University of London, UK
  794. Yusuf Ahmed, Tutor, SOAS. 
  795. Zahra Ali, Assistant Professor at Rutgers University-Newark.
  796. Zahra Moloo, PhD candidate, Human Geography, University of Toronto
  797. Zakia Salime, Associate Professor , Rutgers
  798. Zeina Jamal, PhD, Queen Margaret University 
  799. Zoé Samudzi, Visiting Assistant Professor, Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University 
  800. Zoha Waseem, University of Warwick
  801. Zoya Hasan, Professor Emerita, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
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